As someone who loves cooking and experimenting in the kitchen, I’ve always wondered about the difference between tomato sauce and ketchup. I happened to overhear a restaurant conversation where the people used the terms interchangeably, and I couldn’t believe my ears. So, what are the differences between tomato sauce and ketchup?
Tomato sauce contains tomatoes, olive oil, herbs like basil and oregano, garlic, and salt, while ketchup has tomatoes, sugar, vinegar, and spices. Ketchup usually has a tangy, sweet flavor, while tomato sauce has a savory flavor. Ketchup is cooked thickly, while tomato sauce is chunkier, with visible tomato pieces.
While they do share some similarities, like the origin, they have many differences in how they’re made and used. If you’ve ever wondered why your pasta didn’t taste quite right when you substituted one for the other, keep reading!
How Are Tomato Sauce and Ketchup Different?
Although these two sauces may look similar at first glance and even share a common base ingredient, they are different condiments for other purposes. Tomato sauce is a versatile ingredient used in cooking and baking, perfect for pasta dishes, pizza, chili, and more. Ketchup is really meant as a topping for fries, burgers, and hot dogs.
Now that you are about to find out the truth about these tomato-based products, you’ll never make the mistake of using them interchangeably again. These are some features that make these two quite different:
Differences in the Appearance of Tomato Sauce and Ketchup
Tomato sauce has a thicker, chunkier consistency than ketchup. The sauce is made from crushed or pureed tomatoes, so you’ll often see tomato skins and seeds throughout. It also has an orangey, rust-colored hue.
Ketchup, on the other hand, has a smooth and uniform texture since it’s made from strained tomato paste. Ketchup also has a brighter red color from added food coloring and sugar.
Ingredients: What Goes Into Each Condiment
Tomato sauce typically only contains tomatoes, olive oil, herbs like basil and oregano, and sometimes onions or garlic. Ketchup, on the other hand, also includes the red delicacy along with vinegar or another acid like citric acid, sugar, and spices like allspice or clove.
Tomato sauce has a fresher flavor, while ketchup tastes sweeter and tangier due to the added sugar and vinegar.
Some premium kinds of ketchup may use honey or maple syrup instead of regular sugar and natural preservatives like citric acid rather than artificial ones. Fancy tomato sauces could incorporate ingredients like sun-dried tomatoes, balsamic vinegar, or red wine.
But at their core, the latter aim for a simple, natural flavor, while the former has a signature sweet and sour profile from sugar and vinegar.
The Steps to Making Tomato Sauce vs. Ketchup
The preparation processes of these two are completely different! To make sauce, I usually start by sautéing garlic and onions, then add crushed tomatoes, basil, oregano, and sometimes red wine. I then simmer the sauce for at least 30 minutes to blend the flavors.
For ketchup, tomatoes are usually pureed smooth and then simmered briefly before bottling.
It also typically has more sugar to balance the acidity of the vinegar. The spices also differ, with ketchup using cinnamon, cloves, and allspice. Tomato sauce focuses more on Mediterranean herbs. The texture is different, too, with ketchup having a smooth, pourable consistency, while the sauce is usually a bit chunky.
In the end, while both are made from the same main ingredient, their preparation methods, ingredients, flavor profiles, and uses are quite distinct.
When to Use One Over the Other
Tomato sauce is really meant as an ingredient in dishes, while ketchup is usually just a condiment to top other foods.
As for uses, the former is usually cooked with pasta, pizza, eggplant parmesan, or other Italian dishes. The latter is mainly used as a condiment for fries, burgers, hot dogs, etc.
Personally, I prefer to use ketchup for dipping french fries, burgers, and hot dogs, while tomato sauce works better in pasta dishes like spaghetti bolognese or lasagna, on pizza, or as a base for chili.
Proper Ways to Keep Tomato Sauce and Ketchup Fresh
It’s best to store these similar condiments in separate cupboards or cabinets to avoid confusion and keep their distinct tastes intact.
Once a jar or bottle has been opened, oxygen exposure causes both to start losing quality. To maximize freshness, seal containers tightly after each use and refrigerate. As a general rule, tomato sauce will last 2-3 weeks refrigerated, while ketchup can last 4-6 weeks. Check the ‘use by’ dates before purchasing for the best results.
While freezing excess tomato sauce can be acceptable for specific recipes, ketchup does not freeze well and can become watery when thawed. So, it would be best to use opened bottles within the recommended refrigerated time for the best quality and texture. Choose smaller container sizes that you’re likely to use quickly.
Can You Substitute One with Another?
For the best results in your cooking and recipes, don’t substitute one for the other! Stick with tomato sauce for Italian fare and save the ketchup for your backyard BBQ.
In my experience, ketchup has a sweeter, tangier flavor from the sugar and vinegar, while tomato sauce tastes more savory and herbaceous. Ketchup also has a thicker, smoother consistency, while tomato sauce is usually chunkier.
Some people use ketchup instead of tomato sauce in a pinch, but the flavor and consistency won’t be the same.
I’m curious: How do you use each of these? I would love to hear about it in the comments below!